Martin Gallivan is the Hamilton Professor of Anthropology at William & Mary. His research centers on the archaeology and early colonial history of Algonquian societies in the Chesapeake region. He is particularly interested in ways the Powhatan Indians constructed towns and transformed the landscape before the arrival of European settlers on the Eastern Seaboard. Professor Gallivan is a graduate of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and received a PhD in anthropology from the University of Virginia.
Professor Gallivan’s first book, James River Chiefdoms, examined the rise of politically-centralized chiefdoms in Virginia during the centuries before the colonial era. Between 2003 and 2010 Professor Gallivan directed excavations at the Werowocomoco, the American Indian town where English colonists met and negotiated with the leader of the Powhatan chiefdom. Funded by a National Endowment for the Humanities Collaborative Research Grant, these investigations revealed a unique monumental landscape. This project included close collaboration with contemporary Native communities in Virginia. At the conclusion of the Werowocomoco study, the site was acquired by the National Park Service and will become a heritage location. Supported by a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship, Professor Gallivan drew on the Werowocomoco research for his second book, The Powhatan Landscape: An Archaeological History of the Chesapeake, published this year.